You can stop at the Antelope Valley Road turn-off on the the south side of Highway 50 anytime of year, unless the mud or snow is too deep, to see this view of our favorite quartzite. We're looking north; the Eureka Quartzite is the white cliff near the western base of Lone Mountain (the lower left).
In this closer view, the Eureka Quartzite is the bright white cliff below a cloud shadow, and at least part of the reddish cliff below that. I no longer have the excellent drawings and photos I made when first visiting this area with Dr. E.R. Larsen's Geology of Nevada class in 1975, but the general geology can be seen in this air-photo from an earlier post. Warning: contacts drawn on the photo are approximate and interpolated, not necessarily precise or exactly correct.
Dirt roads pass below the quartzite cliff near the top of the alluvial fan, providing access of unknown quality. It's been years since I've driven to the base of the cliff, so I can't provide any road reports.
You can see Lone Mountain for at least twenty miles when driving from west to east on Highway 50, across the wide, open expanse east of Hickison Summit.
As alluded to in an earlier Lone Mountain post, GEOLEX indicates that the Eureka Quartzite does not have a type locality. It was first named by Hague in 1883 for exposures within 50 miles of Eureka, and was further defined and described by him in 1892. In 1933, Kirk proposed that the section at Lone Mountain be recognized as the type locality, because exposures near Eureka are inadequate or incomplete. Nolan and others (1956) described the quartzite as "everywhere thoroughly fractured or brecciated because of extensive faulting; and in many places it has been recrystallized as a result of mineralizing solution." The USGS accepted Lone Mountain as the new type locality (Nolan et al, 1956), and now the Lone Mountain section is generally used as a defacto type section, or, as GEOLEX states, a "standard section."
Now you see it...
...now you just barely see it.
Hague, Arnold, 1883, Abstract of report on the geology of the Eureka district, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey, 3rd Annual Report of the Director, pp. 237-290, plates 24, 25.
Hague, Arnold, 1892, Geology of the Eureka district, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Monograph 20.
Iddings, J. P., 1919, Biographical Memoir of Arnold Hague, 1840-1917: National Academy of Sciences Biographical Memoirs, Part of Volume IX.
Kirk, Edwin, 1933, The Eureka quartzite of the Great Basin region: Am. Jour. Sci, 5th ser. v. 26, p. 27-44.
Nolan, T. B., Merriam, C. W., and Williams, J. S., 1956, The Stratigraphic Section in the Vicinity of Eureka, Nevada: Revision of the pre- Tertiary stratigraphy of east-central Nevada: U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 276, 77 pages.
Eureka Quartzite and Lone Mountain Posts:
- Eureka! It's Lone Mountain!
- Lone Mountain: Intro to Stratigraphy
- Lone Mountain: Stratigraphy in Brief
- Tweeting the Eureka Quartzite
- The Eureka Quartzite at Lone Mountain (this post)
- The Eureka Quartzite on Squaw Peak
Considerably more geological references can be found throughout the earlier posts.